Central Government is based in Antigua but Barbuda has its own local council.
Barbuda is part of a three-island state with Antigua and Redonda. After independence in 1981 Antigua and Barbuda remained a monarchy with Queen Elizabeth II as the head of state and her representative in the state is the Governor General, presently Sir Rodney Williams.
Parliament, situated in St Johns, Antigua, consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate, and representatives (or MPs) are elected by popular vote from 16 constituencies in Antigua, and one in Barbuda. A general election must be held within five years of the previous one. Senators are appointed by the Governor General on the advice of the prime minister and the leader of the opposition. The prime minister heads a cabinet of ministers who administer the state and all legislation is introduced in the House of Representatives and then passed to the Senate for review and assent - this form of government is modelled on the British parliamentary system.
On June 12th 2014 the Antigua and Barbuda Labour Party won a landslide victory over the government of the United People's Party (UPP) to take control of 16 seats in Antigua and the one seat in Barbuda, where Arthur Nibbs beat Trevor Walker by one vote. Gaston Browne is now the prime minister, the first time for the ABLP since Lester Bird lost the 2004 election. Arthur Nibbs represents Barbuda as our representative in the House of Representatives, and Adrian Lee sits as Barbuda's senator. Antigua and Barbuda is a member of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) and joined the Caribbean Single Market and the Caribbean Court of Justice on 30 June 2006.